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Parts of a Robot

Robots parts are similar to that of a Human.

Robots can be made from a variety of materials including metals and plastics

Most robots are composed of 3 main parts:

  • Controller - Brain of the Robot

  • Mechanical Parts - Like Hands and legs of Human. (motors, pistons, grippers, wheels, and gears etc)

  • Sensors - Acts like the senses (eye,nose,ear) of Human beings

The Controller :

Brain of robot

Also known as the "brain" which is run by a computer program.

Often, the program is very detailed as it give commands for the moving parts of the robot to follow.


Mechanical parts :

stepper motor
mechanical part of robot

Motors, pistons, grippers, wheels, and gears that make the robot move, grab, turn, and lift.

These parts are usually powered by air, water, or electricity.


Sensors :

ultrasonic sensor

To tell the robot about its surroundings.

Sensors allow the robot to determine sizes, shapes, space between objects.

And also other relations and properties of substances.

Many robots can even identify the amount of pressure necessary to apply to grab an item without crushing it.


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